Wednesday, 2 September 2020

ENT important points

CUSIS:


1. Hyperacusis – Bell’s palsy

2. Paracusis willisi – Otosclerosis

3. Diplacusis – Meniere’s disease

4. Presbyacusis – Age related SNHL


TRIADS:


1. Gradinego syndrome :

Ear discharge

Retroorbital pain

 Diplopia 


2. Trotter’s triad (NPC):

U/L CHL (glue ear)

Temporoparietal pain

Palatal palsy


3. Sampter’s triad

Allergy to Aspirin

Asthma 

Nasal polyps


SIGNS:

1. Heinnebert sign : Congenital Syphillus

2. Hitzelberger sign : Acoustic Neuroma

3. Rising sun/ brown sign/ Phelp sign : Glomus Juglare

4. Target/Halo sign : Traumatic CSF leak

5. Cart wheel sign : ASOM

6. Schwartz sign : Otosclerosis

7. Griessenger sign / Delta sign : Sigmoid Sinus Thrombosis

8. Reservoir Sign : Mastoiditis

9. Light House : ASOM

10. Tripod sign/ Thumb sign : Epiglotittis 

11. Steeple sign : ALTB / CROUP

12. Antral sign / Hollman miller sign : Angiofibroma CT

13. Omega shaped epiglottis : Laryngomalacia 

14. Turban/ Mouse nibbled vocal cord : TB larynx

15. Potato nose : Rhinophyma

16. Woody nose : Rhinoscleroma

17. Mulberry like nasal mass : Rhinosporidiosis

18. Mulberry like nasal mucus : Inferior turbinate hypertrophy

19. Frog face deformity : Angiofibroma


THYROPLASTY:

1. Type 1 : Medialization – Adductor palsy

2. Type 2 : lateralization – Abductor palsy

3. Type 3 : Shortning- Loosening – Puberphonia 

4. Type 4 : Lengthing- tightening – Androphonia

 

DRAINAGE points:

1. Nasolacrimal duct : Inferior meatus

2. Maxillary / frontal / anterior / ethmoidal : Middle meatus

3. Posterior ethmoid : Superior meatus

4. Sphenoid : Sphenoethmoidal recess

5. DCR : Middle meatus

No comments:

Post a comment