Sunday, 16 October 2016

SPM Updates

1. 16th may 2016 celebrated as Dengue day for the first time.
2. Primordial and primary prevention- more effective and more difficult.
3. Secondary and Tertiary prevention- less effective and less difficult.
4.September 8th- world literacy day
Literacy rate of India- 74.6
Male-82.1 & female- 65.5
Tripura = max literacy rate
5.Current crude death rate = 7/1000 population
mid year population = as of 1st of june
6. Latest vaccine to be launched is for Rotavirus(oral drops), before that was IPV (inactivated polio vaccine).
7.Poverty line- amount required to buy 2400kcal/person/day in rural and 2200kcal/person/day in urban setup.
urban- rs42/-, rural- rs32/- per day.
india has 29.5% population BPL
8.most common type of disaster in india= hydrological
dealt by home ministry but head of national disaster management is Prime minister.
2nd wednesday of october = world disaster day
Tamil nadu and west bengal most affected by disaster.
most common post disaster disease = acute gastroenteritis
9.world health day = 7th april
and agenda as of 7th april 2016= beat diabetes
10. child sex ratio= 923
adult sex ratio= 943
Indian TFR = 2.3
11.pearl index of male condom = 2-14/hwy
IUD = 0.5-2.0/hwy
oral pill = .0-.5/hwy
NEW BRAND NAME OF CONDOMS AVAILABLE UNDER NATIONAL PROGRAM IS "ASHA" , previously called as "NIRODH" (2016)
12. SWACH BHARAT ABHIYAN launched on 2/10/14, objective is to clean india by 2019 on 150th birthday of Mahatma Gandhi.
13. MMR = 167/1 LAKH LIVE BIRTHS
IMR = 40/1000 LIVE BIRTHS
NMR = 28/1000 LIVE BIRTHS
U5MR = 49/1000 LIVE BIRTHS
STILL BIRTH RATE = 22/1000 LIVE BIRTHS
INSTITUTIONAL DELIVERIES = 80%
FULLY IMMUNISED = 72%
14. GERIATRICS = AGE >60 YRS
8.5% GERIATRICS ON 15/04/2016
most common health disorder (india) = cataract
most common cause of death = cardiovascular diseases
15. Latest national scheme for BPL is "UJJAWALA" BY NARENDRA MODI that is providing LPG to BPL families.
16. most common cause of paediatric mortality is prematurity.
17. ideal ANC visits(WHO) are,
monthly till 7th month
bi monthly in 8th month
weekly in 9th month
NOW MINIMUM ANC VISITS ARE 4 BY WHO(2015)
FIRST- AT REGISTRATION <12 WEEKS
SECOND- 14-26 WEEKS
THIRD - 28-34 WEEKS
FOURTH- AFTER 36 WEEKS
PNC VISITS = MONTHLY TILL 6 MONTHS.
18. NATIONAL DE- WORMING DAY = 10TH FEB
MEBENDAZOLE (DOC) - 1ST TRIMESTER
ALBENDAZOLE (DOC) FROM 2ND TRIMESTER ONWARDS,
also for adults and child.
19. CAUSES OF MATERNAL MORTALITY
DIRECT- HAEMORRAGE(37%)
INDIRECT- ANEMIA (35%)
20. INDIAN CUT OFF FOR OBESITY - BMI = 22.5
GLOBALLY- 25

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