Friday, 16 October 2015

VITAMIN DEFICIENCIES In Different Conditions

VITAMIN DEFICIENCIES In Different
Conditions::::

1■■Alcoholics===Folate and thiamine.
2■■Smoking===Vitamin C due to used up
by FR in smoke.
3■■New born===Vitamin K due to sterile
gut
Bcz MC source of Vitamin K is gut
bacteria.
4■■Hospitalized Pts===Vitamin
K>>>Biotin
Bcz of antibiotics use that kills gut
bacteria
5■■Renal Failure ===Vitamin D.
Due to failure of 1 alpha hydroxylation.
6■■Rice as staple diet===B1 Deficiency
That's why it has been enriched with B1
in some countries
7■■Perniciuos anemia===Autoimmune
atrophic gastritis===B--12 deficiency.
8■■Colostrum (Breast milk upto 4
days)=== deficient in Vitamin D.
9■■Breast milk=== deficient in D ,K, fluoride and
pantothenic acid (Cpsp key).
10■■Goat milk === deficient in Vitamin
B6 ,Folate .
11■■Cow milk === deficient in Vitamin A
,C ,D.
12■■Post menopauseal wome===
deficient in vitamin D (400 IU daily intake
recommended ).
13■■Women strict vegetarian ===B12
DEFICIENCY in her and her baby if
pregnant or non.
14■■Pregnant lady === Folate deficiency
bcz of its more excretion due to increased
GFR
And Fetal tissue growth consumption.
15■■Pregnant lady with alcohol
consumption ===MC Vitamin Deficiency
===Folate.
Increased NTDs risk.
16■■People having just maize their Staple
diet===B3 NIACIN deficiency ===risk of
PELLAGRA 3D diarrhea dementia
dermatitis.
17■■Celiac disease involves ===Jejunum
mostly===So Folate deficiency.
18■■Crohns disease ===Involves ILEUM
===so B12 deficiency occur.
19■■Terminal ileal resection ===B12
&Bile salts deficiency === osmotic
diarrhea and increased water loss and bile
salts (Ganong).
20■■Cystic Fibrosis ===ADEK fat soluble
vitamins deficiency
21■■Total pancreatectomy === ADEK
DEFICIENCY.
22■■Alcoholics==MC deficiency of Mg.

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