Friday, 11 September 2015

Triads

Triads:

Reiter syndrome triad :
Urethritis
Conjuctivitis
Arthritis

Triad of Alports Syndrome
Sensorineural deafness
Progressive renal failure
Ocular anomalies

Triad of Behcet’s Syndrome
Recurrent oral ulcers
Genital ulcers
Iridocyclitis

Beck’s Triad of Cardiac Tamponade
Muffled heart sound
Distended neck veins
Hypotension

Charcot’s Triad For Cholangitis
Fever with rigors
Right hypochondriac pain
Jaundice

Charcots triad of Multiple sclerosis
Nystagmus
Intention tremor
Stacato or scanning speech

Wilms tumor Triad –hematuria+ fever+ abd mass

Wilsons disease ( Neuro manifestation )Triad-Dystonia, inco-ordination, tremor

Triad of Hypernephroma (Renal Cell Ca)
Pain + hematuria + renal mass

Hutchinson’s Triad Of Congenital syphillis
Hutchison’s teeth
Interstitial keratitis
Nerve deafness

Triad of Kwashiorkar
Growth retardation
Mental changes
Edema

Saint’s Triad
Gall stones
Diverticulosis
Hiatus hernia

Trotter’s Triad Of Nasopharyngeal Carcinoma
Conductive deafness (blockade of Eustachian tube)
Immobility of homolateral soft palate (X th CN nerve involved)
Trigeminal neuralgia (V th CN nerve involved)

Virchow’s Triad
Stasis
Hypercoagulabilty
Vessel injury

Hemolytic Uremic Syndrome Triad
Anaemia
Thrombocytopenia
Renal failure

Pentad of TTP
Microangiopathic haemolytic anaemia
Fever
Disturbed neurological function
Renal failure
Thrombocytopenia

Fanconi Syndrome Triad
Aminoaciduria
Proteinuria
Phosphaturia

Tetany in Children – Triad
Stridor
Carpopedal spasm
Convulsions

Pentalogy of Fallot
Fallot’s tetralogy with, in addition, a patent foramen ovale or
Atrial septal defect

Vogt’s triad of Congenital Toxoplasmosis (3C)
Choroidoretinitis.
Cerebral calcification.
Convulsions

Vogt’s triad of Post congestive glaucoma –
Glaucoma flecken,
Pigments on endothelium
Iris atrophy

VOGT triad of tuberous sclerosis
Facial nevus (Adenoma sebaceum)
Seizures
Mental retardation

Vogt’s triad of Buphthalmos: (BPL) = Lacrimation, photophobia, Blepharospam

Triad of sandblom (for Hemobilia)-(MOB)
M: Melena
O: Obstructive Jaundice
B: Biliary colic.

Samters triad:
Aspirin intolerance
Asthma
Nasal polyp

Carney triad
Pulmonary chondroma
Paraganglioma (Extra adrenal)
GIST

Anderson Triad
Bronchiectasis
Cystic fibrosis
Vitamin A deficiency

Beck’s triad of Para pharyngeal Abscess
External cervical swelling (at the submandibular region which is tender)
Trismus due to spasm of the medial pterygoid
Internal swelling: of the lateral pharyngeal wall,pushing the tonsil medially

Beck’s cognitive triad (negative thought in depression)
Negative thought of self
Negative thought of environment
Negative thought of future

Cushing’s triad is a late sign of increase intra-cranial tension
Hypertension
Respiratory depression
Bradycardia

Ecological triad of disease
Causative Agent
Host
Environment

Gradenigo’s triad of Petrositis

Persistent otorrhea
Ipsilateral retro-orbital pain due to irritation of the nearby trigeminal ganglion(CN-V)
Ipsilateral squint and diplopia due to paralysis of the 6th nerve•

Trotter’s triad is diagnostic for nasopharyngeal carcinoma
Unilateral conductive hearing loss(secretory otitis media)
Ipsilateral earache and facial pain(trigeminal nerve)
Ipsilateral paralysis of the soft palate

Atta’s triad of bilharzia dysentery
Bleeding per rectum
Polyposis
Clubbing of fingers

VOGT triad of tuberous sclerosis
Facial nevus (Adenoma sebaceum)
Seizures
Mental retardation

WHIPPLE’S triad of insulinoma
Signs &symptoms of Hypoglycemia
Serum glucose < 2.5 m moles/lit
Relief of symptoms on administration of glucose

O’ Donoghue Triad:Twisting force in a weight bearing knee joint causes injury to
Medial collateral ligament
Anterior cruciate ligament
Medial meniscus

Triad of Mercury poisoning
Excessive salivation and Gingivitis
Danbury tremors (very severe= Concussio mercurialis)
Neuropsychiatric illness (Erethism)

Triad of Meig’s syndrome
Benign tumor of ovary (fibroma)
Ascites
Pleural effusion

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