Thursday, 10 September 2015

Malaria Epidemiology

Malaria Epidemiology
• MC species of Plasmodium in India- P.falciparum>P.vivax
• MC species of Plasmodium in world- P.vivax
• P.malariae found in which place in India- Tumkur (Karnataka) 
• P.ovale found in which place in India- Delhi, Orissa,Gujrat, Assam, Kolkatta
• Most endemic state in India- Orissa
Life cycle of Plasmodium-
1. Definitive host- Female anapheles
2. Intermediate host-man 
3. Modes of transmission other than mosquito bite- blood transfusion, vertical
4. Infective form -sporozoite
5. Infective form if transmitted by other than mosquito bite- merozoites
6. Infective form to mosquito-Gametocyte
7. Minimum gametocyte need to transit the infection to mosquito- 12/cmm

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