Thursday, 18 June 2015

Muscles

Some important muscles and their special names :

Quadrilateral - thyrohyoid.
Straplike - sternohyoid & Sartorius.
Straplike with tendinous intersections - rectus abdominis.
Fusiform - biceps, digastrics etc.
Oblique Fasciculi
Triangular - adductor longus, temporalis.
Shawl muscle - Trapezius.
Guthrie’s muscle - Sphincter urethrae.
Laughing/Smiling muscle - Zygomaticus major.
Unipennate (fibres arranged to insert in a diagonal direction onto the tendon allowing great strength ) - Flexor policis longus, extensor digitorum longus, peroneus tertius.

Multipennate (multiple rows of diagonal fibres, with a central tendon which branches into two or more tendons) - Subscapularis, deltoid.

Circumpennate - Tibialis anterior.
Spiral or Twisted fasciculi - Trapezius, Pectoralis major, Latisimus dorsi, Supinator.
Cruciate muscles - Sternocleidomastoid, Adductor magnus, Masseter.
Subcutaneous muscles - Platysma, Palmaris brevis.
Longest muscle - Sartorius (tailor muscle).
Smallest muscle - Stapedius.
Climbing muscle - Latissimus dorsi (broadest muscle of Back).
Boxer’s muscle - Serratus anterior.
Locking muscles - Popliteus.
Casser’s perforated muscle - Coracobrachialis.
Coiter’s muscle - Corrugator supercilli.
Cowl muscle - Trapezius.
Rider’s muscle - Adductor muscle of thigh.

Valsalva’s muscle - Muscle of Tragus.
Sommering’s muscle - Levator glandulae thyroideae.
Thelle’s muscle - Superficial transverse perinea muscle.
Toynbee’s muscle - Tensor tympani.
Wilson’s muscle -Sphincter urethrae.
Wrinkler muscles of eyebrow - Corrugator supercilli (Coiter’s muscle).
Sibson’s muscle - Scaleneus minimus.
Gavard’s muscle - Oblique fibres in the muscular coat of stomach.
Oehl’s muscle - Strands of muscle fibres in the chordae tendinae of the left A-V valve.

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