Monday, 5 January 2015

Random high yield points

ALDER-REILLY – Found in storage diseases such as Hurler’s syndrome (gargoylism)
AMYGDALOID - Almond-shaped structure in the brain involved with behaviour
AMYLOID - Corpora amylacea, age related
ANOCOCCYGEAL - Musculotendinous structure near the coccyx
AORTIC - Located in the aorta, they help to control ventilation (also see CAROTID body)
APOPTOTIC - Consequence of cell death which may be physiological or pathological
ARANTIUS - One of three nodules in the aortic and pulmonary valves
ARAO-PERKINS - Found in the dermal papillae of hair follicles
ASBESTOS - Asbestosis
ASCHOFF - Rheumatic fever
ASTEROID - Sporotrichosis
ASTEROID-SCHAUMANN - Granulomatous diseases such as sarcoidosis
AUER - Leukaemia
BABES-ERNST - Rich in phosphorus and found in bacteria and fungi
BALBIANI - Membrane-less structure in the cytoplasm of oocytes
BAMBOO - Asbestos-type disease
BANANA - Ochronosis
BARR - Sex chromatin found in female cells
BASAL - Modified centriole found in motile cells
BIELSCHOWSKY - Status marmoratus, a form of cerebral palsy
BIONDI - Aging
BIRBECK - Histiocytosis X
BLUE - Lung diseases such as pneumonia and asbestosis
BORRELL - Fowlpox
BRACHT-WACHTER - Yellow spots in the myocardium in infective endocarditis
BRASSY - Malaria
BULL’S EYE - Target red cells found in blood and liver disease. Also in adenocarcinoma cells in malignant effusions
BUNINA - Motor neurone disease, amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS)
BUSCHINO - Tissue cracks caused by prolonged immersion in formalin
CABOT’S RING - Severe anaemia
CAJAL - Nuclear organelles found in active cells
CALL-EXNER - Granulosa cell tumours of the ovary
CAROTID - Found in the carotid artery and helps to control ventilation
CATERPILLAR - Porphyria cutanea tarda
CAVERNOUS -Vascular structures of anal cavity and erectile tissues
CHARCOT-BOTTCHER - Found in Sertoli cells of the testis
CHARCOT-LEYDEN - Crystalline bodies found in sputa in patients with asthma
CHROMAFFIN - Also known as paraganglion and present in the adrenal and liver
CHROMATOID - Entamoeba histolytica
CILIARY - These release aqueous humour in the eye
CITRON - Associated with clostridium septicum infections
CIVATTE - Lichen planus
CLARKE - Alveolar sarcoma of the breast
COCCOID X - Psittacosis
COLLAR - Sticky, funnel-shaped cells that line the inner cavity of sponges
COMMA-SHAPED - Located in the nephron of the kidney
COUNCILMAN - Yellow fever, viral hepatitis
COWDRY - Herpes and poliovirus
CREOLA - Asthma
CRESCENT - Achromocytes - transparent (glass) bodies of red blood cells with crescent margins
CROOKE’S HYALINE - Addison's disease, Cushing syndrome
CYTOID - Systemic lupus, diabetes
DAVIDSON - Nuclear chromatin buds found in female neutrophils
DENSE - Secretory organelles found in platelets in Hermansky-Pudlak syndrome
DOHLE - Found in infections, poisoning and chemotherapy
DONNE - Modified fat-containing leucocyte found in colostrums
DONOVAN - Granuloma inguinale
DUTCHER - Multiple myeloma, lymphoma
ELEMENTARY - Non-replicating infectious particle of Chlamydia
ELSCHNIG - Pearl-like clusters of epithelial cells on the lens of the eye in post-operative cataract patients
EMBRYOID - Germ cell tumours
ENIGMATIC - Complex lysosomes found in the pituitary
FARBER - Farber's disease, a disorder of lipid metabolism
FESSAS - Thalassemia
FIBRIN - Pleural effusion, pneumothorax
FLEMMING - Found in phagocytes and germinal centres of lymph glands
FRUITING - Reproductive mass in fungi and bacteria.
GALL - Lipid-filled lysosomes found in lymphocytes
GAMNA-FAVRE - Chlamydia trachomatis (Lymphogranuloma venereum)
GAMNA-GANDY - Cirrhosis
GASTRIC - The corpus gastricum, the body of stomach situated between the pylorus and fundus
GENICULATE - Four small masses of thalamus linked to hearing and sight
GIANNUZZI - Crescent-shaped patches of serous cells in mucous glands.
GLOBOID - Krabbe’s disease (leucodystrophy)
GLOMUS - Glomus tumours
GOLGI - Flattened membrane sacs in the cytoplasm of cells
GOLGI-MAZZONI - Sensory nerve endings in the fingertips
GUARNIERI - Smallpox
GUPTA - Actinomycosis
HABENULAR - Group of nuclei in the thalamus where the pineal gland attaches to the brain
HAEMATOXYLIN - Systemic lupus
HAMASAKI-WESENBERG - Granulomatous diseases such as sarcoidosis
HARTING - Formed during calcification of cerebral capillaries
HASSALL - Swirls of epithelial cells in the thymus gland
HASSALL-HENLE – Associated with degenerative change, chronic inflammation and the aging process
HECTOID - Sickle cell anaemia
HEINZ - Glucose 6 phosphate dehydrogenase deficiency
HEMISPHERICAL - Glaucoma, retinal detachment
HENDERSON-PATTERSON - Molluscum contagiosum
HENSEN - Found in the outer hair cells of the inner ear
HERRING - Neurosecretory mass found in the pituitary gland
HIGHMORE - Fibrous mass of the testis
HIRANO - Neurodegenerative disorders such as Alzheimer's disease
HOWELL-JOLLY - Found in patients with dysfunctional or absent spleens
HYALINE - Optic nerve head drusen, myopathy
INFRAPATELLAR FAT - Fat pad occupying the area between the ligament and synovium of the knee joint
INFUNDIBULAR - Funnel-shaped body connecting the hypothalamus of the brain.
INTERRENAL - Tissue between the kidneys of fishes that corresponds with the adrenal in mammals
JAWORSKI - Spiral mucous bodies seen in gastric secretions in hyperchlorhydria
JOEST-DEGEN - Borna disease of warm-blooded animals
JUXTARESTIFORM - Part of the inferior cerebellar peduncle
KAMINO - Spitz naevus and malignant melanoma
KETONE - Compounds made by the liver in metabolism of fat
KOCH - East coast fever of cattle, sheep and goats
KURLOFF - Blood cell granules found in guinea pig infections
LAFORA - Lafora body disease, a metabolic storage disorder
LALLEMAND - Multiple myeloma, macroglobulinaemia
LAMELLAR - MALT lymphoma, haemangioma (also see ODLAND body)
LEISHMAN-DONOVAN - Leishmaniasis (also known as Kala Azar and Dum Dum fever)
LEWY - Dementia with Lewy bodies
LINDNER - Inclusion conjunctivitis of the newborn
LIPSCHULTZ - Herpes simplex virus Type A
LOOSE - Fragments of bone or cartilage in the joint space
LUSCHKA - The coccygeal body located adjacent to the coccyx
LUSE - Rheumatoid disease, schwannoma
LUYS - The subthalamic nuclei, part of the basal ganglia system
LYSSA - Degenerating neurones
MALLORY - Alcohol-related liver disorders and Wilson’s disease
MALLORY-DENK - Chronic hepatitis C
MALPIGHIAN – The renal corpuscle, part of the nephron of the kidney
MAMILLARY - Pair of tissue masses in the hypothalamus
MARCHAL - Cell inclusion bodies in mousepox (infectious viral ectromelia)
MARINESCO - Neurodegenerative disorders such as Parkinson's disease
MELON SEED - Small, fibrous bodies often seen in tuberculous tenosynovitis
MIYAGAWA - Lymphogranuloma venereum
MOTT - Cells containing Russell bodies in myeloma, plasmacytoma and inflammation
MULTILAMELLAR - Tropical spastic paraparesis (human T-lymphotropic virus)
MULTIVESICULAR - Circular organelles formed by budding of the cell membrane
MUSHROOM - Structures found in the brain of insects, invertebrates and ringed worms
NASAL SWELL - Part of nasal septum important in regulating air flow
NEGRI - Rabies
NEILL-MOOSER - Endemic typhus fever
NEMALINE - Nemaline or rod body myopathy
NEUROPEITHELIAL - Collection of pulmonary endocrine cells
NISSL - Cytoplasmic granules of nerve cells
ODLAND - Found in keratinocytes and associated with lipid storage
OKEN - Mesonephron or a primitive kidney of the embryo
OLIVARY - Located in the medulla oblongata of the brain
ORBITAL FAT - Fat contained in the orbit that contributes to support of the eyeball
OWL’S EYE - Cytomegalovirus infection, Hodgkin's lymphoma
PACCHIONIAN - Arachnoid villi on the dura mater of the brain
PALE - Parkinson’s disease
PAMPINIFORM - Organ homologous with the male epididymis in the broad ligament of the uterus
PAPP-LANTOS - Multiple system atrophy (MSA), a neurological disorder
PARABASAL - Cytoplasmic body found in certain protozoa
PARAMURAL - Membranous structures of plant cells found between the cell wall and plasma membrane
PARANEPHRIC - Collection of adipose tissue located superficial to the renal fascia
PARATERMINAL - Slender, vertical whitish band near the anterior commissure of the brain
PARIETAL - Eyelike structure on the dorsal aspect of the head in lower vertebrates
PASCHEN - Vaccinia and variola (smallpox)
PERINEAL - Fibromuscular mass between urogenital and anal triangle
PERTINAX - Found in the nail
PICK - Niemann-Pick disease
PINEAL - Conical structure found in the brain
PITUITARY - Another name for the pituitary gland
POLAR - Found during the maturation of ova
PROTOCORM-LIKE - Small swollen tubers that have the ability to produce shoots in vitro
PROWAZEK - Vaccinia and variola (smallpox)
PSAMMOMA - Papillary carcinomas
PSEUDOASBESTOS - Ferroprotein bodies in the lung other than asbestos (such as coal)
PUSTULO-OVOID - Granular cell tumours
QUADRIGEMINAL - Reflex centre of the midbrain
REGNAUD - Residual mass found during
RENAUT - Connective tissue structure found in nerve fibres
RESIDUAL - Lipofuchsin - undigested material of lysosomes
RETICULATE - Intracytoplasmic form of Chlamydia
RETZIUS - Pigmented mass in the acoustic papillae of the ear
RICE - Rheumatoid arthritis
ROSS - Treponema pallidum (syphilis)
RUSHTON - Odontogenic lesions
RUSSELL - Multiple myeloma, plasmacytoma, chronic inflammation
SANDSTORM - Another name for the parathyroid glands
SCHILLER-DUVAL - Teratoma, yolk sac tumour
SIMCHOWICZ - Neurodegenerative disorders such as Alzheimer’s disease
SPIRONOLACTONE - Found in the adrenal after long term use of spironolactone
SPONGY - Spongy mass of tissue surrounding the male urethra within the penis
STRIATE - Striped mass of white and grey matter in front of the thalamus
TINGIBLE - Reactive lymphadenopathy
TORRES - Yellow fever
TORRES-TEIXEIRA - Smallpox and measles
TOTO - Epulis fissuratum (gingival hyperplasia)
TYGESON - Pneumonia
UTERINE - The upper, wider part of the uterus
VERMIFORM - Structures found on the Kupffer cells of the liver
VEROCAY - Schwannoma
VERTEBRAL - Main part of the vertebra to which the discs are attached
VESICLE-LIKE - Broad term describing vesicular structures such as microsomes
VILLELA - Yellow fever
VITREOUS - Benson’s disease (asteroid hyalitis)
WAGNER-MEISSNER - Neurofibroma, von Recklinghausen's disease
WEIBEL-PALADE - von Willebrand's disease
WINKLER - Treponema pallidum
ZEBRA - Metachromatic leucodystrophy, Niemann-Pick disease
ZUCKERKANDL - Chromaffin mass of the abdominal aorta

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