Monday, 26 January 2015

High yield ENT and Opthalmology

5 cleans for eliminatn of neonatal tetanus
Clean delivary surface
Clean hands
Clean cord cut
Clean cord tie
Clean cord stump
5 f's of sanitation barrier
Fingers
Flies
Fomites
Food
Faeces
5 d's of ill health
Disease
Discomfort
Disability
Dissatisfaction
Death
5 i's of ageing
Impairment
Instability
Incontinence
Immobility
Isolation
Causes of lagopthalmos..oc pens..
Orbicularis oculi palsy
Cicatricial
Proptosis
Ectropion
Nocturnal lagopth
Symblepharon...
CI of stapedectomy -IPOD
Infection
Perforation
Only hearing ear
Deafness

Squelae of otitis media -SCALP COST
Snhl
Cholesteatoma
Atelectasis
Learning disability
Perforation tm
Conductive HL
Ossicular necrosis
Speech impairment
Tympanosclerosis

Local causes of epistaxis -Indian Drink FANTA
Infection
Dns
Foreign body
Atmospheric
Neoplasm
Trauma
Allergic

Etiology of submucous fibrosis -STAMINA
Socio eco
Tobacco
Areca nuts
Multi factorial
Immune status
Nutrition
Alcohol

Indications of
tympanoplasty -ABCDE S
Age above 10years
Benign
Conductive deafness corrected
Dry perforation
Eustachian tube func properly
Stapes mobile
Cherry red spot in retina-
Rembr:Cherry Tree Never Grows Tall
CRAO
TAYSACHS DISEASE
NIEMANAPICKS dis
GAUCHERS dis
TRAUMA.

Func of tracheostomy -VIP BAR
Ventilation
Ippr
Protects d airways
Breathing
Administer of
anaesthesia
Removal of secretions

Interstial keratitis -TIC TAC S                                    
 tb
Inherited syphilis
Congenital syphilis
Trypanosomiasis
Acquired syphilis
Cogan syn
Sarcoidosis

Causes of SNHL -FANSI  TOPS
Familial progress HL
Au.neuroma
Noise induced
Systemic diseases
Infection
Trauma
Ototoxic
Presbycusis
Sudden hearing loss

Retinal detachment causes 4'F
Floaters
Flashes
Falling acuity
Field loss

D/D of
membrane over tonsillitis:
M2-VIDAAL (form Widal test for
T yphoid)
It is:
- Membranous tonsillitis
- Malignancy
- Vincent's angina
- Infectious mononucleosis
- Diptheria
- Apthous ulcers
- Agranulocytosis
- Ludwig's angina
- T : Trauma
FESS Indications :-
FARMER
Fungal sinusitis
AC polyp
Recurrent bacterial sinusitis
Mucocele
Endoscopic septoplasty
Removal of foreign bodies

Indications for Caldwell luc-
COFFE BOARD
Chronic  max sinusitis
Oroantral fistula
Fracture maxilla
Foreign body removal
Ethmoidectomy
Biopsy for suspected neoplasm
Opening of pterygopalatine fossa for ligation of max artery
Antrochoanal polyp recurrence
Reduction of orbital blow out fracture
Dental cyst


Causes of atropic rhinitis -
HERNIA
Heridity
Endocrinal Disturbance
Race-whites
Nutritional defeciency-vit             A,D,Fe
Infective
Autoimmune

Causes of stridor :-
ABCDEFGHIJ L
Abscess(retro pharyngeal,peri tonsillar)
Adenotonsillar hypertrophy
Bacterial tracheitis
Croup
Diphtheria
Epiglottitis
Foreign body
Hemangioma
Injury,Inf. Mononucleosis
Jaw and tongue abnormalities
Laryngomalacia
Laryngeal web
Laryngeal edema
Laryngitis

Etiology of Submuous Fibrosis.STAMINA
S-Socio-economic ststus
T-Tobacco
A-Areca Nuts
M-Multifactorial
I-Immmune process
N-Nutritional
A-Alcohol


Classification of secondary glaucoma.-lip tip shant
Lens induced
Inflammatory
Pigmentary
Traumatic
Iridocorneal dystrophy
Pseudoexfoliative
Steroid induced
Hemorrhagic
Aphakic
Neovascular
Causes of scleritis
S - SURGERY INDUCED
C - COLLAGEN VASCULAR DISEASES
L - LEPROSY
E -
R - RADIATION
I - INFECTION
T - THYROTOXICOSIS
I - IDIOPATHIC
S - SLE

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