Friday, 4 April 2014

Spm facts

Psm facts🔎

The definitions of various rates are given below.” The age of fertility is generally taken as 15 to 49 years. However, some people prefer to regard the fertile period as 15 to 45 years.

🔺General fertility rate (GFR):

Number of live births per 1000 women in the reproductive age group (15-49 years) in a given
year

🔺General marital fertility rate (GMFR):

Number of live births per 1000 married women in the reproductive age-group (15-49 years) in a given
year

🔺Total fertility rate (TFR) Average number of children that would be born to a woman if she experiences the current fertility pattern throughout her reproductive
span (15-49 years).

🔺Total marital fertility rate (TMFR):
Average number of children that would be born to a married woman if she experiences the current fertility pattern throughout her reproductive span, i.e. 15 to 49 years. (The TFR
serves an estimate of the average number of children per family).

🔺Gross reproduction rate (GRR):

Average number of daughters that would be born to a woman if she experiences the current fertility pattern throughout her reproductive span (15-49 years).

🔺Net production rate (NR):

Average number of daughters that would be born to a woman if she
experiences the current fertility and mortality patterns throughout her
reproductive span (15-49 years).

🔺Age-specific fertility rate:

Number of live births in a year to 1000 women in any specified age group.

🔺Age-specific marital fertility rate:

Number of live births in a year to 1000 married women in any specified
age group.

🔺Cumulative % fertility rate :
The ratio of the age—specific fertility to total fertility rate multiplied by 100.
🔸iceberg phenomenon of a disease is nt shown by
Rabies,Tetanus,Measles,Rubella
🔸ice berg phenomenon is also known as biological spectrum of disease,nose of a crocodile phenomenon,ears of a hippopotamus phenomenon
🔹Human development index:1.life expectancy at birth
2.income
3.knowledge
🔸physical quality of life index:1. Life expectancy at 1yr of age
2.infant mortality rate
3.literacy rate
Vaccines n their
***************

Vaccine facts🍥🍭

years of discoveries:
🔸1798-small pox vaccine
🔹1885-rabies vaccine
🔸1892-cholera vaccine
🔹1921-BCG vaccine
🔸1923-Diphtheria toxoid
🔹1923- pertussis vaccine
🔸1927-Tetanus toxoid
🔹1937-influenza vaccine,yellow fever vaccine
🔸1949-mumps vaccine
🔹1954-ipv
🔸1957-opv
🔹1960-measles vaccine
🔸1962-rubella vaccine
🔹1968-type c mennigococcal vaccine
🔸1971-type a mennigococcal vaccine
🔹1976-hepatitis b vaccine

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