Thursday, 12 June 2014

Gold standard

Gold standard method of treatment of DCIS - Mastectomy
Gold standard approach for resection of anterior and middle mediastinal masses - median or lateral thoracotomy
Gold standard method of treatment of Coarctation of aorta - Surgical repair
Gold standard method for evaluation of coronary artery disease - Cardiac Catheterization
Gold standard method for culture of V. cholerae o139 - Conventional culture method
Gold standard to determine cut-off titer of widal test for diagnosis of Typhoid fever – Nested PCR
Gold standard treatment of brucellosis in adults - IM Streptomycin + Doxycyclin
Gold standard investigation for diagnosis of of chronic arterial mesentric ischemia - Angiography
Gold standard method for treatment of chronic ulcerative colitis - Total proctocolostomy with end ileostomy
Gold standard method for evaluation of imaging modalities for liver tumors - Intraoperative ultrasonography
Gold standard investigation for diagnosis of common bile duct stones - Endoscopic cholangiography
Gold standard investigation for measurement of GFR - Inulin clearance
Gold standard for treatment of organ confined, muscle invasive, bladder cancer is - Radical cystoprostatect omy in men and anterior pelvic exenteration in woman
Gold standard for treatment of femoral shaft fractures - Reamed locked intramedullary nailing
Gold standard method in case of difficult intubation - Flexible fibreoptic intubation scope
Gold standard method for diagnosis and treatment of Ventilator Associated Pneumonia (VAP) - Broncho alveolar lavage
Gold standard treatment of hyperparathyroi dism - Surgery
Gold standard investigation to differentiate follicular and papillary carcinoma of thyroid gland- Histology
Gold standard procedure for thymectomy - Trans cervical mediastinoscopy and surgery
Gold standard for treatment of adrenal tumors - Laparoscopic adrenalectomy
Gold standard investigation for diagnosis of breast cancer - Mammography
Gold standard method for staging of breast cancer - Axillary lymph node dissection
Gold standard for evaluation of a stable patient with suspected vascular injury - Angiography
Gold standard investigation for diagnosis of GERD - Ambulatory 24 hr PH monitoring
Gold standard method for treatment of GERD - Laparoccopic Nissens fundoplication
Gold standard for evaluating cure rate in duodenal ulcer patients – Vagotomy
Gold standard finding for the diagnosis of GI perforation - Finding pneumoperitoneu m
Gold standard for diagnosis of Zollinger-Ellis on syndrome - Serum gastrin levels( Most patients have serum gastrin levels above 1000pg/mL)
Gold standard investigation for diagnosis of colonic mucosal disease - Colonoscopy
Gold standard investigation for diagnosis of steatorrhoea - Timed quantitative stool fat determination
Gold standard method for treatment of incontinence with an isolated sphincter defect - Overlapping sphincteroplast y
Gold standard investigation for diagnosis and method of management of Acute arterial occlusion – Laparotomy
Gold standard method for confirmation of mesentric arterial occlusion - Mesentric angiography
Gold standard investigation for diagnosis of celiac disease – Small intestine biopsy
Gold standard for identifying choledocholithi asis – ERCP
Gold standard method of treatment of Symptomatic cholelitiasis – Lap cholecystectomy
Gold standard method for diagnosis of Primary sclerosing cholangitis - ERCP
Gold standard investigation for diagnosis of Hepatitis C – HCV RNA assay
Gold standard test for diagnosis of intraluminal bile duct abnormalities - ERCP
Gold standard method for management of hydatid disease – Surgery
Gold standard for assessing degree of liver injury and fibrosis - Liver Biopsy
Gold standard method for management of blunt hepatic trauma - Non-operative management
Gold standard test for assessment of function of sphincter of oddi – Manometry
Gold standard investigation of diagnosis of Klatskin tumor - Cholangiography
Gold standard investigation for diagnosis of invasive amoebiasis - ELISA

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