Tuesday, 18 February 2014

50 One liners

1. Heart size is Normal in : TOF and TAPVC( infracardiac form )
2. Visual reflex formation or Macula mature by 5-6 months life
3. Gardasil -- 16 , 18 , 6 , 11
Cervarix -- 16 , 18
4. Renal tubular acidosis -- Normal Anion gap Hyperchloremic Metabolic Acidosis
Point to remember --
its NORMAL in Serum
but POSITIVE anion gap
in Urine
5. Ectopic ACTH Syndrome -- Hypokalemic
Alkalosis
6. Anatomical Closure of
Ductus arteriosus -- 1-3
months after birth. 1-3
months after birth. (ref:
Langman's embryology & Guyton)
7. Corneal donor -- till 6 hour after death
8. Nerve fibers -- A and B are Myelinated ; 
A to C - Diameter and Velocity
decrease
9. For Congenital hypothyroidism -- TSH ,
best done >48 hrs - 6
days life
10. Child of HIV positive Mother -- Cant use IgG
for 1st 18 months to
diagnose as that comes
from
mother. So p24
assay , PCR , Viral Culture
are used.
11. Neomycin is present
in Polio Vaccine
12. TORCH infectivity --
All at time of birth BUT
Rubella has 2 peaks i.e
10 -11 wks and delivery.
13. Unchanged during
child birth -- Diameter
between Sacral
promontary and Pubic
Symphisis.
14. RAIU -- I 123 ;
RIA ---- I 125
15. CO poisoning -- PO2
Normal but O2 saturation
is less.
16. Fetal distress -- S/D ratio-- increases in Umblical Artery , decreases in MCA.
17. All Myopathies are
Proximal except Myotonic
Dystrophy (type 1)
18. All Neuropathies are
Distal except GBS and
SMA.
19. Glysine is the
smallest and simplest
Amino Acid.
20. Adder Head on IVP --
Ureterocele
21. Flower vase /
shaking hand sign --
Horseshoe kidney
22. Ligament of
Struthers .-- remnant of
3rd head of
coracobrachialis , runs
from supracondylar spur
on anteromedial humerus
to medial epicondyle,
median n and brachial a
may run beneath it.
23. Shortest Colon -
Ascending
Longest Colon -
Transverse
24. Trigeminal Neuralgia
rarely involves
Ophthalmic division
If in a young / if it
is Bilateral -- then
Multiple Sclerosis is a
key consideration
25. After overnight
fasting , levels of glucose
transporters are reduced
in Muscle .
26. Pacini Corpuscles --
detects gross pressure
changes and vibration
27. Epiphyseal dysgenesis
-- in Hypothyroidism
28. In Hypothyroidism ---
Increased CSF protein
29. Most characteristic
cutaneous manifestation
of FMF (Familial Medit.
fever) -- Erysipelas like
erythema.
30. Two halves of
Mandible join together by
2yrs of Life
31. Syphilitic Aortitis --
Proximal Ascending
Aorta
32. Superficial spreading
melanoma -- Buckshot
appearance (Pagetoid
cells)
33. Seborrheic Keratoses -- Stuck on lesion
34. Finger prints can be taken in cases of advanced decomposition and drowning But NOT in case of
corrosion
35. Generally all bones ossify earlier in females
Skull sutures obliterate earlier in Males.
36. Anterior neuropore closes by 25th day, and posterior one closes by 27th day of IUL.
37. Gittre cells are modified CNS macrophages.
38. Hirano Bodies in Hyppocampus -- Alzheimer's
39. Acrocentric
Chromosomes -- 13 , 14 ,
15 , 21 , 22 , Y
40. LAP increased in -- Leukamoid reaction , Polycythemia Vera decreased in -- CML , PNH
41. Schistiocyte -- MicroAngiopathic Hemolytic anaemia
42. Tear Drop cell -- Myelofibrosis
43. Target cell -- Thallesemia , HbC disease , Liver disease.
44. Good ALL -- Female , 2-10 years ,
Hyperdiploidy , B-ALL
(NOT preB-ALL)
45. Pregnancy tumor of gums = Granuloma pyogenicum
46. RCC = Hypernephroma = Grawitz Tumor
47. Holly leaf mesangial deposits -- FSGN
48. Spike & Dome , String of Popcorn -- Membranous GN
49. Wire loop -- Class IV Lupus Nephritis
50. Post Mortem staining is well developed in 4 hrs and becomes fixed in 6-12 hrs

No comments:

Post a comment