Thursday, 2 January 2014

Opthalmology one liners

1.Arlet's Line-->Fibrosis of sulcus subtarsalis .It is pathognomonic for a healed Trachoma.
2.Bone spicule pigmentation-->Retinitis pigmentosa.
3.Busaca Nodules-->granulomatous anterior uveitis.
4.Bitot spots-->a conjunctival triangular white patches.It is pathognomonic for Dry eye.
5.Black sunburst--->RPE Hyperplasia in Sickle Cell Retinopathy.
6.Bull's Eye Maculopathy-->Chloroquine ocular side effect.
7.Cobble stone papillae-->Spring catarrh.
8.Cornea verticillata-->Amiodarone ocular side effect.(most common) .Other Causes--->chloroquin,fabry's disease,Indomethacin.
9.Cherry red spots-->CRAO(most common).Other Causes-->Tay sachs disease,Gaucher's disease.nimen pick, gm-1
10.Chocked disc-->Papilloedema..
11.Candlewax drippings(Retinochoroidal exudate)-->sarcoid periphlebitis(Ocular Sarcoidosis).
12.Egg yolk appearance-->Vitelliform macular dystrophy (Best disease).
13.Eclipse sign-->shallow anterior chamber.
14.Elschig spots-->Hypertensive Retinopathy.
15.Festooned Pupil-->Iridocyclitis.
16.Floppy Iris(Intraoperative)-->Tamsulosin ocular side effect.
17.Haab's striae-->Congenital Glaucoma.
18.Hammered silver corneal endothelial appearance-->ICE(Iridocorneal Endothelial syndrome).
19.Hutschinson sign-->involvement of the tip of the nose in herpes zoster ophthalmicus.
20.Iris pearls-->lepromatous iritis.
21.Inverted hypopyon-->emulsified silicone oil.
22.Kayser-Fliesher Ring(corneal)-->Hepato-lenticular degeneration.
23.Krukenberg spindle--->pigmentary glaucoma.
24.Lisch nodules--->Neurofibromatosis-I.
25.Munson's sign-->Keratoconus.
26.Roth's spots-->Anaemic Retinopathy.
27.Retinal flower pedal pattern(FFA)-->Cystoid macular oedema.
28.Sampaolesi line-->PEX Syndrome.
29.Silver wiring of retinal vessels-->Degenerative retinoschisis.
30.Sentinel vessels-->ciliary body melanoma.
31.Sunset glow fundus-->Chorioretinal scars in Harada disease.
32.Smoke stack appearance ( FFA)-->CSR.
33.Tears drop sign(CT scan)--->Blow out fracture of Orbit.

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