Thursday, 2 January 2014

Mullerian agenesis

1. Mullerian agenesis is a congenital malformation in women characterised by a failure of the Mullerian ducts to develop, resulting in absent uterus and variable malformations of the vagina. It is the second most common cause of primary amenorrhea. The condition is also called MRKHorMayer-Rokitansky-Kuster-Hauser Syndrome, named after August Franz Joseph Karl Mayer, Carl Freiherr von Rokitansky, Hermann Kuster, and G.A.Hauser.
Signs and symptoms
1. A woman with this condition is hormonally normal, that is she will enter puberty with development of secondary sexual characteristics including thelarche and adrenarche. Her chromosome constellation will be 46,XX.
2. Typically, the vagina is shortened and intercourse is difficult and painful.
3. Gynecologic Ultrasonography demonstrates a complete or partial absence of the cervix, uterus, and vagina.
4. This syndrome is characterized by congenital absence of vagina, primary amenorrhea, rudimentary cornua uteri or absent uterus and morphologicallynormal ovaries and rudimentary Fallopian tubes(or fallopian tubes may also be absent) situated on the pelvic sidewall.
5. Normal ovulation; normal breast development; normal body and hair. The woman is amenorrheic and infertile.
6. Frequently associated with urinary tract anomalies, skeletal abnormalities, congenital heart conditions, and inguinal hernia.
7. Due Since there is no uterus, women with MRKH cannot carry a pregnancy.
8. Women with MRKH typically discover the condition when, during puberty years, the menstrual cycle does not start.""

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