Friday, 10 January 2014

Hernias

1. Bochdalek's hernia-- MC... left posterior

2. Morgagnian hernia-- LC.. right anterior

other named hernia:

1.Velpau hernia- hernia in groin in front of femoral blood vessels.

2. sports hernia-- in atheletes, hernia with dilated superficial inguinal ring

3.Pantaloon hernia-- direct + indirect hernia separated by epigastric vessels. t/t hoquet manoeuvre

4.spigelian hernia-- 6-centimeter horizontal region below the navel and to the side of the abdominal muscles.Spigelian hernias are commonly found in patients around 50 years of age and are more common in men
than in women. They also occur more often on the right side than on the left side. a simple closing of the fascia (connective tissue of the abdominal wall) with sutures can repair the hernia.

5.Cooper's hernia: A femoral hernia with two sacs, the first being in the femoral canal, and the second passing through a defect in the superficial fascia and appearing immediately beneath the skin.

6.epigastric hernia: hernia through the linea alba above the umbilicus.

7.Littre's hernia: hernia involving a Meckel's diverticulum.

8.Petit's hernia - hernia through Petit's triangle (inferior lumbar triangle).

9.Grynfeltt's hernia - hernia through Grynfeltt-Lesshaft triangle (superior lumbar triangle)

10.Richter's hernia- strangulated hernia involving only one sidewall of the bowel, which can result in bowel perforation through ischaemia without causing bowel
obstruction or any of its warning signs.

11.Gibbon's hernia- hernia with hydrocoele

12.Berger's hernia - hernia in Pouch of Douglas

13.Cloquet's hernia- hernia through pecteineal fascia

14.Narath's hernia - behind femoral artery

15.Hesselbach's hernia - lateral to femoral artery

16.Serofini's hernia - behind femoral vessels

17.Laugier's hernia - through lacunar ligament

18.Tealse's hernia - in front of femoral vessels

19.Maydl's hernia - 'w' hernia

20.Phantom hernia - Localised muscle buldge following muscular paralysis

21.Beclard's hernia - femoral hernia through saphenous opening

22.amyand's hernia- inguinal hernia with appendix involvemnt

23.gruber's hernia-- internal mesogastric hernia

24. Howship hernia-- Pain or paraesthesia in the obturator hernia on the inner aspect of the thigh down to and often most severe at the knee due to compression of n. obturatorius.

25.HERNIA IN glissade-- hernia in bladder wall.

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