Wednesday, 27 November 2013

Urine

I.Medical Causes of abnormal urine odour A.Sweet or fruity odour
1.Diabetic Ketoacidosis
2.Maple syrup urine disease (infants, rare)

B.Ammonia odour
1.Bladder retention
2.Urine at room temperature for prolonged period

C.Fecal odour
1.Bladder-Intestinal fistula

D.Pungent odour 1.Urinary Tract Infection

E.Strong odour 1.Concentrated urine

F.Musty odour 1.Phenylketonuria

G.Sulfur odour 1.Cystine decomposition

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