Sunday, 24 November 2013

Syndromes

Dresslers syndrome-Pleural effusion in MI after 2 weeks
Munchausen Syndrome-Hospital addiction
Chediak Higashi Syndrome-Microtubule polymerization defect resulting in decreased phagocytosis.
Kartagener’s syndrome- Immotile cilia due to dynein arm defect.
Eaton Lambert Syndrome-Auto antibodies against calcium channels,clinically similar to myasthenia.
Cushings Syndrome- Elevated levels of cortisol due to any cause, whereas cushings disease is increase in ACTH due to primary pituitary adenoma.
Waterhouse Friedrichson Syndrome- Acute adrenal insufficiency due to adrenal hemorrhage a/w meningococcal septicemia.
Sheehan’s syndrome– Pituitary necrosis following postpartum hemorrhage.
Reyes syndrome - Fatal childhood hepatoencephalopathy due to viral infection that has been treated with aspirin.Hypoglycemia,coma,fatty liver(microvesicular)
Budd Chiari Syndrome- Occlusion of IVC or hepatic veins with centrilobular congestion and necrosis.
Gaisbock’s Syndrome-Relative Polycythemia
Von Hippel Lindau Syndrome-cerebellar hemangioblastoma.
Kippel fiel syndrome-Fusion of cervical vertebrae
Stewart treves syndrome- Lymphangiosarcoma developing in lymhedematous arm after radical mastectomy.
Gradenigo syndrome- Triad of Otitis media,Retrobulbar pain,Ipsilateral abducens palsy.
Plummer vinson syndrome/Paterson brown kelly syndrome-Combination of symptomatic hypo pharyngeal webs and iron deficiency anemia in mddle aged female.Radiological finding-web in post cricoid region,may develop post cricoid ca.Iron given orally.
Lynch syndrome- Endometrial ca,Colon Ca,Ovarian
Balint’s syndrome- State of severe spatial disorientation.Oculomotor apraxia,Optic ataxia,Simultanagnosia,bilateral parietal lobe involvement(OOPS!)

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