Monday, 28 October 2013

10 IMPORTANT TRIADS - FOR FORTHCOMING EXAMS

1.Saint's Triad - Gall stone, Colonic diverticulosis, hiatus hernia. 

2.Charcot's triad in cholangitis - Pain, fever, jaundice (Note - Reynold's Pentad of cholangitis includes Charcot's -triad + Shock + Mental obtundation). 

3.Hutchison's triad in congenital syphilis - Hutchison's teeth + Interstitial keratitis + Deafness.

4.Whipple's triad in insulinoma - symptoms of hypoglycemia during fasting or exercise + Serum glucose < 45 gm/dl + Relief of symptom after infusion of glucose.

5.Trotter's triad in nasopharyngeal 'Ca' - Trigeminal Neuralgia + Conductive deafness + immobility of homolateral soft palate.

6.Gradenigo's triad in Petrosities - Persistent ear discharge + Retro orbital pain + CN VI palsy.

7.Vogt's triad - Pigment dispersal + Gonosynechia +: Glaucoma floaters.

8.Beck's triad in cardiac tamponade - Distended neck veins + Muffled heart sound + Hypotension.

9.O'Donghu triad - Medial Meniscal injury + injury of medial collateral ligament + Injury of anterior cruciate ligament.

10.Samter's triad - Bronchial asthma + Nasal polyp + Aspirin sensitivity. 

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