Saturday, 17 August 2013

Important points

1. Arlt's Line-->Fibrosis of sulcus subtarsalis .It is pathognomonic for a healed Trachoma.
2. Bone spicule pigmentation-->Retinitis pigmentosa.
3. Busaca Nodules-->granulomatous anterior uveitis.
4. Bitot spots-->a conjunctival triangular white patches.It is pathognomonic for Dry eye.
5. Black sunburst--->RPE Hyperplasia in Sickle Cell Retinopathy.
6. Bull's Eye Maculopathy-->Chloroquine ocular side effect.
7. Cobble stone papillae-->Spring catarrh.
8. Cornea verticillata-->Amiodarone ocular side effect.(most common) .Other Causes--->chloroquin,fabry's disease,Indomethacin.
9. Cherry red spots-->CRAO(most common).Other Causes-->Tay sachs disease,Gaucher's disease.nimen pick, gm-1
10. Chocked disc-->Papilloedema..
11. Candlewax drippings(Retinochoroidal exudate)-->sarcoid periphlebitis(Ocular Sarcoidosis).
12. Egg yolk appearance-->Vitelliform macular dystrophy (Best disease).
13. Eclipse sign-->shallow anterior chamber.
14. Elschig spots-->Hypertensive Retinopathy.
15. Festooned Pupil-->Iridocyclitis.
16. Floppy Iris(Intraoperative)-->Tamsulosin ocular side effect.
17. Haab's striae-->Congenital Glaucoma.
18. Hammered silver corneal endothelial appearance-->ICE(Iridocorneal Endothelial syndrome).
19. Hutschinson sign-->involvement of the tip of the nose in herpes zoster ophthalmicus.
20. Iris pearls-->lepromatous iritis.
21. Inverted hypopyon-->emulsified silicone oil.
22. Kayser-Fliesher Ring(corneal)-->Hepato-lenticular degeneration.
23. Krukenberg spindle--->pigmentary glaucoma.
24. Lisch nodules--->Neurofibromatosis-I.
25. Munson's sign-->Keratoconus.
26. Roth's spots-->Anaemic Retinopathy.
27. Retinal flower pedal pattern(FFA)-->Cystoid macular oedema.
28. Sampaolesi line-->PEX Syndrome.
29. Silver wiring of retinal vessels-->Degenerative retinoschisis.
30. Sentinel vessels-->ciliary body melanoma.
31. Sunset glow fundus-->Chorioretinal scars in Harada disease.
32. Smoke stack appearance ( FFA)-->CSR.
33. Tears drop sign(CT scan)--->Blow out fracture of Orbit.

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