Wednesday, 31 July 2013

Most Commonly asked "MOST COMMONs" inSurgery

1.Most common benign neoplasm of liver- hemangioma
2.Most common primary malignancy of liver- hepatocellular carcinoma
3.Most common hepatic neoplasms- metastasis
4.Most common primary hepatic malignancy in children- hepatoblastoma
5.Most common benign tumor of oesophagus-leiomyoma
6.Most common indication of liver transplantation in children-biliary atresia
7.Most common indication of liver transplantation in adults-cirrhosis of liver
8.Most common bone of the face that is fractured is-nasal bone
9.2nd most common bone of the face that is fractured is – zygomatic bone
10.Most common benign tumor of spleen- hemangioma
11.Most common neoplastic enlargement of spleen- lymphoma
12.Most commo cancer caused as a risk of choledochal cyst –carcinoma of biliary tract
13.Most common type of gall stones- Mixed Stones
14.Most common site of gall stone ileus-distal ileum proximal to ileocaecal junction
15.Most common site for gall stone impaction in CBD- ampulla fo water
16.Most common site for internal fistula of gall bladder-1st part of duodenum
17.2nd most common site for internal fistula of gall bladder-colon
18.Most common cause of supurative cholangitis-gall stones/?CBD stones
19.Most common type of stones among primary and secondary CBD stones-secondary(cholesterol stones)
20.Most common metastasis to liver is from-stomach
21.most common part of CBD injured/prone to stricture during laparoscopic cholecystectomy- upper CBD
22. most common pathological type of gall bladder carcinoma- adenocarcinoma
23.most common cause for hemobilia- blunt trauma
24.most common cause of hemobilia in western countries- hepatic trauma(trauma to intrahepatic branch of hepatic artery)
25. most common cause of hemobilia in oriental countries-ductal parasitism(ascaris lumbricoides)
26. most common cause of obstructive jaundice- CBD stones
27. most common cause of biliary stricture-trauma
28.most common malignancy after cholecystectomy occurs in- stomach
29.most common site of an intraperitoneal/intra-abdominal abscess-pelvis
30.most common organ involved in retroperitoneal fibrosis- ureter
31.most common site of ureteral obstruction-lower 1/3rd of ureter(at the level of pelvic brim)
32.most common cause of abscess in midline/extra peritoneal space-amoebic abscess
33.most common cause of small bowl obstruction and secondary infertility in developed countries-peritoneal adhesions
34.most common cause of chylous ascites-malignancy(lymphoma)
35.most common variety of carcinoma peritonei-discrete nodules
36.most common variety of mesenteric cyet- chylolymphatic cysts
37.most common site for chylolymphatic cyst-mysentery of ileum
38.most common cause of peritonitis in adult male-perforated appendix
39.most common site from where psudomyxoma peritonei arise-appendix
40.most common organism causing (primary) spontaneous bacterial peritonitis-E.coli
41.2nd most common organism causing (primary) spontaneous bacterial peritonitis-klebsiella
42. most common organism causing (secondary) acute suppurative peritonitis-E.coli
43. 2nd most common organism causing (secondary) acute suppurative peritonitis-bacteriodes
44.most common organism causing CAPD – cagualase negative staph. (staph.epidermidis)
45.2nd most common organism causing CAPD-staph.aureus
46.most common site for intraabdominal abscess following laparotomy- subhepatic
47.most common cause of generalised peritonitits in middle aged adult male- duodenal ulcer
48.most common cause of acute mesenteric adenitis- idiopathic
49.the most common organism seen in peritonitis-E.coli
50.most common site of malignant change oflipoma is – retroperitonium
51. MC and earliest symptom in rectal carcinoma----- bleeding
52. 2nd MC symptom in rectal carcinoma ---- alteration in bowl habit 
53. MC type of rectal and colon carcinoma ----columnar cell adenocarcinoma
54. . MC type of anal canal carcinoma ---- squamous cell ca.
55. 2nd MC type of anal canal carcinoma ---- basal cell ca.
56.MC site for anal fissure ---- midline posteriorly(90%)
57. 2nd MC site for anal fissure ---- midline anteriorly
58. 3rd MC site for melanoma ---- anal canal (1st and 2nd—skin and eye)
59. MC cause of lower GI bleed in adults ---- hemorroids
60. 2nd MC cause of lower GI bleed in adults ----diverticulosis
61. MC cause of massive bleeding per rectum ----diverticulosis
62. MC symptom of fissure in ano (anal fissure)---- pain
63.MC site for blood borne metastasis of rectal ca.----- colorectal ca.
64. ________ variety of rectal ca. is MC at recto sigmoid junction ---- annular variety
65. MC type of ano rectal abscess ---- perianal abscess
66. MC cause of ano rectal abscess ---- fistula in ano
67. MC symptom of rectal polyp ------ pain
68. 1st MC complication after haemorroidectomy----- pain
69. 2nd MC complication after haemorroidectomy----- urinary retention
70 .MC post operative nosocomial infection ----urinary tract infection
71. 2nd MC post operative nosocomial infection----- surgical site infection
77. 3rd MC post operative nosocomial infection---- lower respiratory tract infection
78. MC testicular tumor ------ seminoma
79. MC type of testicular tumor seen in
cryptorchid testis ---- seminoma 
80. MC testicular tumor above 50 yrs ----- lymphoma
81. MC secondary neoplasm of testis ----- lymphoma
82. MC malignancy in older males ---- prostate cancer
83. MC side in which testis does not descend ----right
84. MC side where varicocele occurs ---- left side
85. MC predisposing cause of torsion of testis ----inversion of testis
86. MC symptom of tortion testis ---- pain
87. MC type of primary hydrocele ---- vaginal type
88. MC site of ectopic testis ------ superficial inguinal ring
89. MC cause of surgically treatable infertility -----varicocele
90. MC cause of upper GI bleeding ---- peptic ulcer disease
91. MC bladder stone ----- uric acid stone
92. 2nd MC bladder stone ---- struvite
93. MC tumor of urinary bladder ----- transitional cell cancer
94. MC tumor of urinary bladder in a child ---- rhabdomyosarcoma
95. MC aetiological factor for transitional bladderbcell ca. ----- cigarette smoking
96. MC bladder cancer that is prevalent in bilharzia endemic areas ---- sq. cell. Ca.
97. MC type of buccal ca. ---- sq. cell. Ca.
98. MC type of maxillary ca. ---- sq. cell. Ca
99. MC symptom of bladder ca. ------- painless hematuria
100. MC primary tumor which gives secondary to penis --------- badder ca.

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