Friday, 12 July 2013

Hernias

1. Bochdalek's hernia-- MC... left posterior
2. Morgagnian hernia-- LC.. right anterior other named hernia:

1.Velpau hernia- hernia in groin in front of femoral blood vessels.

2. sports hernia-- in atheletes, hernia with dilated superficial inguinal ring

3.Pantaloon hernia-- direct + indirect hernia separated by epigastric vessels. t/t hoquet manoeuvre

4.spigelian hernia-- 6-centimeter horizontal region below the navel and to the side of the abdominal
muscles.Spigelian hernias are commonly found in patients around 50 years of age and are more common in men than in women. They also occur more often on the right side than on the left side. a simple closing of the fascia (connective tissue of the abdominal wall) with sutures can repair the hernia.

5.Cooper's hernia: A femoral hernia with two sacs, the
first being in the femoral canal, and the second passing
through a defect in the superficial fascia and appearing
immediately beneath the skin.

6.epigastric hernia: hernia through the linea alba above the umbilicus.

7.Littre's hernia: hernia involving a Meckel's diverticulum.

8.Petit's hernia - hernia through Petit's triangle (inferior lumbar triangle).

9.Grynfeltt's hernia - hernia through Grynfeltt-Lesshaft triangle (superior lumbar triangle)

10.Richter's hernia- strangulated hernia involving only one
sidewall of the bowel, which can result in bowel
perforation through ischaemia without causing bowel
obstruction or any of its warning signs.
11.Gibbon's hernia- hernia with hydrocoele
12.Berger's hernia - hernia in Pouch of Douglas
13.Cloquet's hernia- hernia through pecteineal fascia
14.Narath's hernia - behind femoral artery
15.Hesselbach's hernia - lateral to femoral artery
16.Serofini's hernia - behind femoral vessels
17.Laugier's hernia - through lacunar ligament
18.Tealse's hernia - in front of femoral vessels
19.Maydl's hernia - 'w' hernia
20.Phantom hernia - Localised muscle buldge following muscular paralysis
21.Beclard's hernia - femoral hernia through saphenous opening
22.amyand's hernia- inguinal hernia with appendix involvemnt
23.gruber's hernia-- internal mesogastric hernia
24. Howship hernia-- Pain or paraesthesia in the obturator hernia on the inner aspect of the thigh down to and often most severe at the knee due to compression of n. obturatorius.
25.HERNIA IN glissade-- hernia in bladder wall.

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